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Crop Matrix Tool

Use this tool to find out about characteristics; such as soil pH, cultivation methods, pests and post harvest treatment; for a specific crop. To load a crop's characteristics choose a crop from the drop-down menu. To see a list of all possible crops grouped by category click on the “Show List of All Available Crops” link next to the drop-down menu.

OR Show List of All Available Crops

Serviceberry, Shadblow, shadbush, Juneberry

Common NameServiceberry, Shadblow, shadbush, Juneberry
Latin NameAmelanchier spp.
VarietyShannon, Indian, Smoky, Pembia, Success, Dwarf Mountain 
Visual Traits
Flowerwhite; April-early May
Foliage/Fall leaf colorshowy red
Fruitsmall, fleshy pome, red to purplish-black, ripen late June
Height20-30 ft (shrubs to small trees)
Other valued traitsearly flowering
Spreadvariable from shrub to tree
Hardwood Cuttingsdifficult to propagate
Propagation methodbare root, container, b&b, cuttings, seed
Pruningdifficult to train to single stem; prune early spring when dormant
Seed harvestJune
Seed treatment and storagescarification; 2-6 month cold stratification; may take two seasons to germinate
Softwood cuttingspoor results
Sowing seedlate fall, 25% germination in spring
Transplant2-4years to transplant from seedling
Watering guidelineswater during establishment
Insect and invertebrate pestscommon apple pests, red spider mites
Pathogensrose family pests, fireblight
Wildlife Pestsbirds
Fertility / qualityrequires organic matter
Moisture and drainagemoist, well-drained, wide range of soils, drought and flood intolerant
Salt toleranceintolerant
Texturemedium to coarse; no heavy clay
Growth Pattern
Growth ratemoderate
Habitat and Climate
Fire tolerancemoderatly tolerant
Frost-free days (FFD)120
Hardiness Zone3-9 (2)
Native RangeNorth America
Rainfall / humidity220-50"
Light recommendationfull sun
Shade tolerancemoderately tolerant to intolerant
Special Notes
Note 1Poor heat tolerance