How, When and Why of Forest Farming Website


Common NameBlueberries
Latin NameVaccinium corymbosum, V. angustifolium
Varietysee Cornell Guide to Growing Fruit at Home 
Visual Traits
Flowerwhite; May
Foliage/Fall leaf colorgolden
Fruitblue; July
Height15 in (lowbush)
Cultivation and Mulchingmulch mid to late summer; do not cultivate within 2' of plant, no more than 2
Field preparation and plantingadjust soil acidity year prior to planting; incorporate compost or peat
Field spacing / planting depth4' within rows, 10' between rows / plant 1
Hardwood Cuttingspoor survival
PollinationCan self-pollinate, but recommend planting at least two cultivars with overlapping bloom season
Propagation methodbare root, container
Pruningprune to half original size at planting; esp to remove flowers; prune established plants in early spring to remove winter injury; or prune late fall to remove older growth; must read further pruning recommendations
Retail SourceSee
Seedling treatmentsoak roots in water for several hours prior to planting
Softwood cuttingspoor survival
Transplantplant as soon as possible; prune and remove flowers
Watering guidelineskeep well-watered, esp first two seasons
Insect and invertebrate pestsblueberry maggot, stem galls
Pathogensfusicoccum canker, phomopsis canker, mummyberry
Fertility / qualityhigh organic matter
Moisture and drainagewell-drained, aerated; drought intolerant
Soils and topographytolerates heavy soils if well-drained
Texturesandy peat
Growth Pattern
Fruit bearing age / full crop load3y / 8y
Growth ratemoderate
Habitat and Climate
Fire tolerancevery tolerant
Frost-free days (FFD)140
Hardiness ZoneZones 3-8
Native RangeNorth America
Rainfall / humidity32-50
Wind / ice / frost susceptibilitylate frosts kill late growing shoots; late spring frosts injure flowers and reduce crop load
Light recommendationfull sun
Shade tolerancetolerant